hello. i am doctor sirisha singh. i am a dermatologistand cosmetic dermatologist. we are going to do a talk on blackheads and whiteheads. whatthey are? what causes blackheads and whiteheads and how can you treat your blackheads andwhiteheads. blackheads and whiteheads by definition are black spots on the face or white spotson the face which come on the face due to the open pores on the skin. the commonestareas that they are seen on is the nose the sides of the nose the cheeks and they mayalso be seen on the forehead and the chin area. black heads are actually open comedoneswhich means pores which are open and pores which drain out freely on the surface of theskin. whiteheads on contrary are closed comedones that is they are pores which are opening ontothe surface of the skin but there is a block
where pore opens onto the surface of the skinand hence it appears as a white spot. coming to what causes whiteheads and blackheads.whiteheads and blackheads are initial stages of pimples or acne vulgaris as you chooseto call it. they usually come on the skin whenever skin is undergoing hormonal changes.that is around pubertal period. so it is very common in adolescent children both boys andgirls and it can also be seen in adults. especially around the menstrual cycle when there arehormonal changes going around in the body. the treatment of blackheads and whiteheadsis therefore the treatment of the underlying problem of acne vulgaris or pimples. althougha lot of people have tried several external treatments like scrubs both scrubs that youcan pick off the market and scrubs that you
can make at home in truth just scrubbing offthe skin does not treat the blackheads and the whiteheads. what we need is a deeper treatmentwhich will also reduce the sebaceous glands secretion or the secretion of the oil glandswhich causes the open pores or the closed pores on the surface of the skin. the treatmentof whiteheads and blackheads therefore involves of complete face care. you need to cleanseyour face. you need to cleanse your face twice a day using a gentle ph neutral cleanser.the idea of cleansing the skin is to get out the dirt and the grime from the surface ofthe skin. cleansing the face more than twice a day can actually contribute to your problemof balckheads and whiteheads. you can also use a scrub about twice a week. the scrubwould not magically cure away the blackheads
and whiteheads but it will contribute to theoverall management of the underlying skin issue. if you have a lot of blackheads andwhiteheads it is worthwhile seeing your dermatologist. what your dermatologist would do is give youa cream which is wither a retinol based cream or a benzoid peroxide based cream or an adaferinbased cream. what these creams do, they work on the skin overnight and they open up theblackheads and the whiteheads so the glands drain out more freely on to the surface ofthe skin and the skin appears tighter firmer and the number of blackheads and whiteheadsreduces significantly. if left untreated the blackheads and the whiteheads go on to inflammatorypimples that is you get the red spots on the surface of the skin and they may also becomepustunes which is red spots which are also
infected and painful on the surface of theskin. if these happens then you would perhaps need to consult your dermatologist again becauseyou will be given some oral tablets that is tablets for consumption which can work fromthe inside out and help to clear out the pimples of your skin. that is it from me about blackheadsand whiteheads if you have any queries feel free to contact me. my contact details aregiven in the description box below. thank you.